Film as Film: Formal Experiment in Film 1910-75 


is a catalogue of an exhibition held at the Hayward Gallery in London from 3 May until 17 June 1979 on rare, essential and controversial avant-garde film history.

Film as Film: Formal Experiment in Film 1910-75, 1st generation, 2nd generation



I. 1910-40:


  • P. Drummond on Avantgarde Cinema;
  • Rees: Charting Film Time;
  • B. Hein: Futurist Film;
  • Herzogenrath: Light-play & Kinetic Theatre;
  • Documts on German Abstract Film;
  • LeGrice: German Abst. Film;
  • Christie: French Avantgarde Film in the 20s;
  • Weibel: Eisenstein, Vertov & Foormal Film;
  • Dusinberre: Other Avantgardes;
  • Moritz: Nonobjective Film: 2nd Generation.


II: 1940-75:


  • Hein: Structural Film;
  • Weibel: Viennese Formal Film;
  • Le Grice: The History We Need;
  • Group Statement: Women & the Formal Film;
  • Lis Rhodes: Whose History?
  • Maya Deren: The Artist as God in Haiti, and Statement of Principles;
  • Writings by Alice Guy and Germaine Dulac;
  • Filmographies 1940-75.



ISBN-10: 0728702002

ISBN-13: 978-0728702004



Film as Film: Formal Experiment in Film 1910-75, 1st generation, 2nd generationFilm as Film: Formal Experiment in Film 1910-75, 1st generation, 2nd generation


Sons et Lumières (2004) – A History of Sound in the Art of the 20th Century (in French) by Marcella Lista and Sophie Duplaix published by the Centre Pompidou for the excellent Paris exhibition in September 2004 until January 2005.

Curated by the Pompidou’s Sophie Duplaix with the Louvre’s Marcella Lista, the show required a good three or four hours to absorb, with its bombardment of sensory and intellectual input, including painting, sound sculpture, sound/light automata, film and video, and room-size installations. (Frieze Magazine)

Audiovisuology: See this sound (2010) - An Interdisciplinary Compendium of Audiovisual Culture. This all-embracing compendium brings together texts on various art forms in which the relationship between sound and image plays a significant role and the techniques used in linking the two. The entire spectrum of audiovisual art and phenomena is presented in 35 dictionary entries. (Cornerhouse)

American Magus: Harry Smith (1996) demonstrates how differently Harry Smith appeared to friends from each circle, offering personal recollections that present a multidimensional, largely contradictory picture of the man. The films, paintings, and recordings of Harry Smith pay tribute to his genius. Filmmaking, painting, anthropology, musicology, and the occult - his knowledge of each was encyclopedic and firsthand. As might befit a man of such varied interests, his circles of friends were large and, for the most part, wholly independent. (Experimental Cinema)

Optical Poetry (2004) by Dr. William Moritz is the long-awaited, definitive biography of Oskar Fischinger. The result of over 30 years of research on this visionary abstract filmmaker and painter. In addition to Moritz's comprehensive biography, it includes numerous photographs in colour and black and white (many never before published), statements by Oskar Fischinger about his films, a newly created extensive filmography, and a selected bibliography. (John Libbey Publishing)



Walt Disney Animation Studios is the subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company responsible for creating the company's well-known animated films. The feature animation studio was an integrated part of Walt Disney Productions from the start of production on Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1934. In 1986, during the corporate restructuring to create The Walt Disney Company, it officially became a subsidiary of the company under the name Walt Disney Feature Animation. The division took on its current name in 2007, and is the company's only existing cartoon studio. (Wikipedia)

Jules Engel (1909-2003) was a Jewish-Hungarian American filmmaker, painter, sculptor, graphic artist, set designer, and director of live action and animated films, and teacher. He is most remembered as the founding director of the Experimental Animation Program at the California Institute of the Arts, where he taught until his death, serving as mentor to several generations of animators. (Wikipedia)

Mary Ellen Bute (1906-1983) was a pioneer American film animator significant as one of the first female experimental filmmakers. Her specialty was visual music and, while working in New York between 1934 and 1953, made fourteen short, abstract musical films. Many of these were seen in regular movie theaters, such as Radio City Music Hall, usually preceding a prestigious film. (Wikipedia)

© Center for Visual Music


Study No. 8 (1931) - original title: Studie Nr. 8 by Oskar Fischinger. He "did not have enough money to buy the rights for the second half of Paul Dukas' The Sorcerer's Apprentice. Despite the lack of the finished ending of the music, this study remains the most complex, most stunning, and for the artist the favorite and most important of the black and white films." (Dr. William Moritz, Canyon Cinema)

Len Lye: A biography (2001) by Roger Horrock tells for the first time the story of an extraordinary New Zealander, a brilliant artist with an international career who never lost the informality, the energy, the independence of spirit of his South Pacific origins. Len Lye began as an unsettled working-class kid with limited prospects and became a leading modernist artist in London and New York. Roger Horrocks's exhaustive study of Lye has taken many years and is based on interviews with many of those close to the artist as well as on voluminous documentary sources. (Govett-Brewster Art Gallery)